Sacrifice branches, black pine Part 2

Nebari Bonsai

Back in March we looked at using sacrifice branches to develop a JBP in the ground. Today, let’s revisit the same JBP and look at how to develop the “final” branches while it’s in the ground. Remember, sacrifice and final branches have very different roles, and are treated very differently.
For a refresher, click here for the article: http://nebaribonsai.wordpress.com/2013/03/02/sacrifice-branches-black-pine/

Sacrifice branches are allowed to grow long, so long as they don’t:
-Shade out the final branches
-Weaken final branches
-Create bulges or reverse taper

Final branches are developed concurrently and are developed mostly like any branches on a JBP in a pot. Even final branches can be thickened by the use of sacrifice branches.

Here is the JBP in the ground, 4 months later; easier to tell sacrifice from final branches, isn’t it?

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Since its candle-cutting time in my area, I use that technique to keep the final branches’ internodes…

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Sacrifice branches, black pine

Nebari Bonsai

Last week we looked at chopping back deciduous trees in the ground to create taper and movement. This week, we will take a look at the same technique, but on a black pine…where the method is somewhat different. This tree is a 10-year old, purchased a few years ago from Brussel’s, in a 5-gallon nursery can. Last year I stuck it in the ground to experiment with the growth rate. It grew pretty well, and the number of buds set for this year suggests its pretty happy where it is.

With pines growing out, we need to identify each shoot as a “final” branch, or a “sacrifice branch. They’re treated in nearly opposite manners. This is the key concept for this article, which is essentially a pictorial version of Brent’s excellent article written a few years ago on the subject. Throughout the photos, final branches are circled in yellow, sacrifice…

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Grow Stones and Maples

California Bonsai Art

Last year I did two trees as an experiment with the grow stones. Both trees were planted in 100 percent grow stones. I did a conifer that was ailing which would give me a visual indicator during the year if the increased air and drainage was worth the effort. I also did a group of five maples thru a disk with five holes to build a massive taper larger trident. I can say that while the conifer was actually improved and grew very well the trident while not suffering too badly did not thrive in my heat.

I planted the trees as they were in the growing pots about 14 inches tall. The trees wear about 3/4 inch across and were planted thru 1 1/4 inch holes drilled in a ceramic disk. The tree grew and managed to grow to about five feet tall which in itself is good, not good for…

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Cleaning up a wound

Nebari Bonsai

This tree is an air-layer of my Chishio Japanese Maple.

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The base has been carefully worked, it’s been in and out of the ground, had new branches grafted into the right places, and now it’s time to address the big ugly pruning scar. It looks far worse from this side than the front, but since it’s going back into the ground for a couple more years to fatten up, I thought I would take advantage of the accelerated growth rate the ground offers and close this wound. In March, I scalloped the deadwood to make room for the callus, exposed the cambium, packed the area with a little sphagnum moss, and wrapped the wound with raffia. Constant humidity around the callus can hasten its growth:

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By early October, 7 months later, here is the reveal:

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No doubt it will finish closing in the next growing season, and we can get…

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Black Pine 11

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

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On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

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Here are all the seedlings potted up

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Black Pine 10

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

IMG_1752

On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

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Here are all the seedlings potted up

IMG_2074

Black Pine 9

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

IMG_1752

On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

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Here are all the seedlings potted up

IMG_2074

Black Pine 8

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

IMG_1752

On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

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Here are all the seedlings potted up

IMG_2074

Black Pine 7

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

IMG_1752

On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

IMG_2111

Here are all the seedlings potted up

IMG_2074

Black Pine 6

This picture was taken in the 22nd February 2014 you can see the seedings on top of the shed.

IMG_1752

On the 12th April 2014 I potted these seedlings into 20cm by 20cm pond baskets 50:50 (Akadama:Cat Litter) and added some root stimulant:

IMG_2043IMG_2046IMG_2049IMG_2050 IMG_2051IMG_2047

I’m going for a informal upright here and Im hoping for a few buds to pop a bit lower down the trunk to use them as sacrifice branches.

IMG_2110

Here are all the seedlings potted up

IMG_2074